4- Principles of Defining Land-Use and revival activities of historic and cultural places and buildings ( rehabilitation, adaptation)

4-1- Principles of defining appropriate land-use for historic and cultural places:

Some condition and criteria are required in order to define the land-use:

4-1-1- Once real land-use is not possible to define due to social, economic, cultural and technical conditions, defining new land-use is applicable in compliance with the criteria as follows:

- Considering the authentic use of the place

- Defining the land-use be considered the best measure for conservation

4-1-2- The primary significance of the place must be considered in changing the land-use and the new defined land-use should not be in contradiction with the primary land-use with no damage to intangible heritage and local community.

4-1-3- Artistic features in the quality of architecture and associating decoration must be considered

4-1-4- Carrying capacity of the building must be considered

4-1-5- Considering building’s capacity and resilience to natural disasters

4-1-6- Realizing surrounding natural and cultural landscape

4-1-7- Capacities and limitations in terms of daily usage of water-piping, air-conditioning, illumination.

4-1-8- Safety and caution warnings relating to land-use must be considered.

4-1-9- Considering isolated, semi-open and open space

4-1-10- Considering consequences of interventions without any restrictions to capacities and no changes on preliminary framework

4-1-11- Providing a platform to complementary and supplementary measure in the case of requiring more space beyond the available one taking into account the maintenance of authenticity

4-1-12- Being compatible with cultural and social surroundings

4-1-13- Changing the land-use of places and building set for rituals is forbidden but it is recommended to enhance their performance.

4-1-14- Considering the capacities and restrictions imposed by superior documents.

4-1-15- Balancing the original artistic and architectural values of the building with decoration and furniture.

4-1-16- Being respondent to cultural, economic and social needs of the building.

4-1-17- Providing a platform to benefit from cultural, social and economic capacities.

4-1-18- Economic justification of the new land-use.

4-1-19- Legal feasibility of the new defined land-use


4-2- Principles of planning and implementing revival of historic and cultural places

4-2-1- revival is acceptable once there is no other way of conservation.

4-2-2- When it can conserve and enhance historic and cultural values and promote local know-how and prevent any damages to intangible and historic-cultural values.

4-2-3- It should preserve, revitalize and enhance intangible heritage capacities, aesthetic values, and ethical and religious attachments.


4-2-4- The original and authentic components and materials should be used according to the documents till the building and its artistic appearance be well-understood in future.

4-2-5- New materials must be differentiated from original ones.

4-2-6- New technologies must be used along with local technologies and know-how.